Study It:



The Basic Idea
Every sentence contains at least one independent clause.
How We Do It: Defining a Clause
A clause is a subject - verb pairing.
  • Horses run.
  • A verb is an action or a state of being.
    Run communicates an action. Therefore, run is a verb.
    A subject is a noun that performs an action.; Horses is a noun and it performs the action, run. Therefore, Horses is a subject.

    Since "Horses run." is a subject verb pairing, it is a clause.


    Look at these Examples
    Simon has bought a horse, so now he can become a rodeo star.

    List the verb(s) you can find in this example.



    List the subject-verb pairing(s) you can find in this example.



    How many clauses can you find in this example?



    Winnifred rides a horse to school because she wants to conserve energy.

    List the verb(s) you can find in this example.

    To conserve is not a verb. It is an infinitive.


    List the clause(s) you can find in this example.



    How We Do It: Defining Independent Clauses
    An independent clause is a subject-verb pairing that does not begin with any of the dependent clause markers.
    There are 3 categories of dependent clauses:
    • subordinate clause
    • noun clause
    • relative clause


    Here is a list of some of the dependent clause markers that work with each category:
    • subordinate clause markers
      We can call these subordinate conjunctions.
      because even though whether by the time
      if as after until
      although in order that before as soon as
      since where/wherever when/whenever whereas


    • noun clause markers
      that how
      which/whichever why
      who/whoever when/whenever
      whom/whomever where/wherever


    • relative clause markers
      We can call these relative pronouns.

      that when
      which where
      who whom
      why
    Look at these Examples
    Winnifred rides a horse to school because she wants to conserve energy.
    How many clauses are in this sentence?



    How many independent clauses are in this sentence?

    Simon has bought a horse, so now he can become a rodeo star if he practices riding every day.
    How many clauses are in this sentence?



    How many independent clauses are in this sentence?



    How did you identify the independent clause(s)?



    Are there any dependent clauses in this sentence?



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